New Hampshire
Secretary of State

Publications & Collections

New Hampshire State Papers

WARNING:  These volumes are large files and may take a long time to download depending upon your internet connection.  The size of each volume is indicated in parentheses ().


Index to the New Hampshire State Papers (4.17 MB)

Volume 1 (19.7 MB)

Volume 21 (25.7 MB)

Volume 2 (22.7 MB)

Volume 22 (25.3 MB)

Volume 3 (23.8 MB)

Volume 23 (11.2 MB)

Volume 4 (24.3 MB)

Volume 24 (27.7 MB)

Volume 5 (32.2 MB)

Volume 25 (28.9 MB)

Volume 6 (33.0 MB)

Volume 26 (24.5 MB)

Volume 7 (26.2 MB)

Volume 27 (18.0 MB)

Volume 8 (30.7 MB)

Volume 28 (15.4 MB)

Volume 9 (29.9 MB)

Volume 29 (21.8 MB)

Volume 10 (20.2 MB)

Volume 30 (15.3 MB)

Volume 11 (27.0 MB)

Volume 31 (25.9 MB)

Volume 12 (22.7 MB)

Volume 32 (25.9 MB)

Volume 13 (22.6 MB)

Volume 33 (24.3 MB)

Volume 14 (17.8 MB)

Volume 34 (16.9 MB)

Volume 15 (18.2 MB)

Volume 35 (18.3 MB)

Volume 16 (23.2 MB)

Volume 36 (16.3 MB)

Volume 17 (23.1 MB)

Volume 37 (12.9 MB)

Volume 18 (29.8 MB)

Volume 38 (12.0 MB)

Volume 19 (23.0 MB)

Volume 39 (13.8 MB)

Volume 20 (26.2 MB)

Volume 40 (14.7 MB)


Publications & Collections

The Astonishing Story of the Mistaken State House Portrait


First District Executive Councilor Ray Burton of Bath comments during the unveiling of a newly executed oil portrait of Governor and US Senator Henry W. Keyes, of Haverhill (1862-1938), replacing one long displayed in error, at ceremonies at the State House on December 5, 2012. Looking on are Governor John Lynch and members of the Keyes family, painter Craig Pursley, also of Bath, (third from right), and former State Rep. Dean Dexter of Laconia, who discovered the error.


A long awaited correction came when a proper likeness of New Hampshire Governor and US Senator Henry Keyes, donated to the state by his family, was placed in the State House second floor "Hall of Governors" on December 14, 2012.


A chalk drawing of who was later identified as New Hampshire Congressman and US Marshall Jacob Hart Ela of Rochester (1820-1884), hung for years beside a section reserved only for governors on the on the second floor corridor of the NH State House, labelled in error as that of Keyes.


The New York Times obituary of his wife, former New Hampshire First Lady Frances Parkinson Keyes, a noted writer, published July 4, 1970 on page 21, appears below.


A Three Hour Interview, NY Times, November 27, 1935

Brochure for the Official Portrait of Governor and Senator Henry W. Keyes

Frances Parkinson Keyes, NY Times Obituary, July 1, 1970

Senator Henry Keyes in his Senate Office, circa 1920s


Publications & Collections

John Gilbert Winant

State Representative, Concord Ward 7, 1917-1918
State Senator, Concord, 1921-1922
Governor of New Hampshire 1925-1927, 1931-1935
First Chairman, Social Security Board 1935-1937
Assistant Director, International Labor Organization, Geneva 1936-1939
Third Director, International Labor Organization, Geneva 1939-1941
US Ambassador to London 1941-1946
US Delegate to UN Economic and Social Council 1946


1 NH State Senate Judiciary Committee 1921-1922

2 John Winant First Three Term NH Governor In Modern Times

2A Governor Winant's Farewell Address To The Legislature, 1927

3 Associated Press Wire Story and Photo November 3, 1947

4 TIME Notice November 10, 1947 and A Poem - Leon W. Anderson Collection

4a Winant Funeral, November 5, 1947

5 Winant Memorial Portrait Unveiling July 25 1951

6 Winant Statue At NH State Library, Dedicated June 30, 2017

7 He Walked Alone By Bernard Belush, Book Review 1969

8 He Walked Alone By Bernard Bellush, Book Review 1970

9 Citizens Of London By Lynne Olson, Book Review 2010

Author Lynne Olson Visits Winant Grave, August 25 2008

Bill Gardner with Winant Son, Rivington Winant, United Nations Treasurer, State House, March 5, 2010

Governor's Reception For Lynne Olson, March 4, 2010

Winant and Eden, EJ Gallager in the Laconia Evening Citizen, January 17, 1977


Publications & Collections

Dedication of the Remodeled State House 1910



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1 Dedication Of Remodeled State House 10.25.1910

2. Executive Council Photograph following 1910 Addition

3. Senate Chamber Photograph Following 1910 Addition

4. House Chamber Photographed Following 1910 Addition

5. Portrait: Governor, Council, Secretary of State in Office During 1910 Dedication

View of the State House, N. State Street entrance and statue, prior to 1910


Publications & Collections

Lane Dwinell

Governor of New Hampshire, 1955-1959
United States Assistant Secretary of State   
    for Administration, 1959 - to 1961
Director, Agency for International Development, 1969-1971
Member, New Hampshire Constitutional Convention, 1984
State Representative from Lebanon and   
    Chairman, House Ways and Means Committee, 1949-1951
Speaker of the NH House, 1951-1953
President of the NH Senate, 1953-1955


1 Governor Dwinell at his desk in the State House Corner Office, 1956

2 President Eisenhower with Governor Dwinell at a Gilford public barbeque, June 1955

2a Eisenhower Letters To Dwinell about 1955 New Hampshire visit

3 Senate Appropriations Committee: Sen Lyndon Johnson, chair, Sen Styles Bridges, ranking member, Dwinell, US Secretary of State Christian Herter, September, 1960

4 Senate Appropriations Committee hearing press caption

5 Letter From President Kennedy, January 28, 1961

6 Letter From Secretary Of State Dean Rusk, February 3, 1961

7 NH House Speaker Campaign from Dwinell Scrapbook, 1951

7A Dwinell in Speakers Chair 1951 Session - Dean Dexter Collection

8 Dwinell signs contract for new US Embassy, Mexico City 1960


Publications & Collections

Colonel Frank Knox

Rough Rider, Spanish American War, 1898
   (served under Col. Leonard Wood and Lt Col Theodore Roosevelt)
Founder Manchester Leader, 1912
Founder, Union-Leader Publishing Co., 1913
Bought rival Daily Union, 1913,
   (later became Manchester Union Leader, then NH Union Leader)
Major, 78th Army Division, World War I, 1917
Lt Colonel US Army Reserve, 1923, Colonel 1937-1944
Republican Candidate for NH Governor, 1924
   (defeated in the primary by John Winant)
Republican nominee for vice president, 1936
Secretary of the Navy, World War II, 1940-1944


1 The Indomitable Colonel Frank Knox

Knox Manchester Newspaper Corporation Papers 1912, 1913

Knox Nominated For Vice President, 1936

Wartime Secretary Of The Navy, 1940-1944


Publications & Collections

Miscellaneous Volumes

1000 NH Notables Metcalf 1919

Hannah Dustin Boscawen 1697 By Leon W Anderson 1973

The Isles Of Shoals John Scribner Jenness 1873


Publications & Collections

Civil War Research

The following information is available:
1. Enlistment Cards
2. Enlistment Papers [separate sets for officers]
3. Augustus Aylings' Soldiers & Sailors
4. Muster-in/Muster-out Rolls [by regiment]
5. State financial aid [filed by town in separate collection]
6. Wounded and Death Lists
7. Governor's Papers for Civil War era
8. Index to Executive Council Minutes
9. County Court records index [if in Rockingham or Merrimack counties]
10. Miscellaneous papers (Secretary of State)
11. Civil War Centennial Papers [in file cabinet in vault]


Publications & Collections

Journal of the Constitutional Convention of 1850

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Journal of the 1850 Constitutional Convention, Chaired By Franklin Pierce


Publications & Collections

Vintage New Hampshire Party Tickets, 1863-1884



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Before Secret Ballots, Vintage New Hampshire Party Tickets, 1863 1884


Publications & Collections

Seal and Flag of the State of New Hampshire

Enhancement of state seal, 1917era NH State Flag (Keyes family collection)


History Of NH State Seal And Flag 1916


Publications & Collections

Guide to Archives

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Guide Sheet To NH State Archives


Publications & Collections

Mystery of the Lost Scroll



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The Mystery of The Lost Scroll


Publications & Collections

1892 Historic New Hampshire Ballot Boxes


Prior to voting in the February 11, 2020 NH Presidential Primary, veteran Windsor Town Moderator Patrick Hines demonstrates the workings of the antique ballot box Windsor has used in every election since secret ballots were mandated in state elections in 1892. The counting device still functions perfectly, he explained to visitors and news  reporters, including the bell that sounds whenever a ballot is inserted.


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Historic 1892 New Hampshire Ballot Boxes


Publications & Collections

First 50 years of State Archives


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The First 50 Years Of The New Hampshire Archives


Publications & Collections

The Year New Hampshire Became First in the Nation: 1920


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1920: The Year New Hampshire Became First-in-the-Nation


Publications & Collections

Columnist Bob Novak Comments on New Hampshire US Senator Styles Bridges


Publications & Collections

50th Anniversary Forum, 1968 NH Primary


Publications & Collections

Presentation of Portrait Honoring Former NH House Speaker George B. Roberts (1975-1980)


A portrait of former NH House Speaker George B. Roberts, Jr., R-Alton, was unveiled during ceremonies at the Legislative Office building, Concord, on October 25, 2019. Among those present were Governor Chris Sununu, Lee Marden, chair of “Friends of George Roberts,” sponsor of the portrait by Stoddard artist Richard Whitney, many friends, former and current legislators and staff, including past speakers, and family. As Speaker (1975-1980) and before, Roberts was the key figure in rescuing the building, the former US Federal Courthouse and Post Office, from demolition in the early seventies, transforming into an elegant facility housing legislative hearing rooms and offices. The painting now hangs in the building’s lobby, christened “George B. Roberts Hall” by legislation passed in the 2016 session. Pictured with Roberts is Gov. Sununu, the artist, Secretary of State William M. Gardner, Deputy Secretary David Scanlan, and Terence Pfaff, chief operating officer, NH General Court.


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Presentation Of Former Speaker George Robert Portrait


Publications & Collections

2020 Presidential Primary Sample Ballots

2020 Presidential Primary REPUBLICAN Sample Ballots

2020 Presidential Primary DEMOCRATIC Sample Ballots


Publications & Collections

Candidates Who Filed for President in the 2020 NH First-in-the-Nation Primary


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2020 First-in-the Nation Presidential Prmary Candidates List

Republican National Convention Pledged Delegates


Publications & Collections

NH First-in-the-Nation: 100th Anniversary

New Hampshire: First-in-the-Nation Presidential Primary
100th Year Anniversary — February 11, 2020

By William M. Gardner, Secretary of State

Any American citizen who meets the constitutional requirements is given an honest chance in New Hampshire to actually “grow up and become president.” It’s always been about giving the average person a chance, those without fame or fortune.

New Hampshire voters for the last one hundred years have had the privilege of hosting the First-in-the Nation Presidential Primary election. This is an honor New Hampshire did not seek, but it came upon us through circumstances in 1920, by happenstance. The first state presidential primary was held on March 16, 1916 the same day as Minnesota and a week after Indiana. Four years later, Indiana changed to May, and Minnesota dropped their primary altogether, and the Granite State has remained first ever since.

For the first 32 years, the primary was a quiet exercise of citizen voter participation in the choosing of delegates to the national party conventions.

The people of New Hampshire have taken their role in this process responsibly by welcoming, hosting, questioning and respectfully listening to each candidate, great and small, and then voting in large numbers, leading the nation in primary turnout every four years.

A New Hampshire contingent readies to board a bus for an Eisenhower rally at New York’s Madison Square Garden, February 9, 1952 where 15,000 supporters gathered days before Ike wins the state’s First-in-the Nation primary. Holding snow shoes is Laconia Mayor Robinson W. Smith.


The 1952 Primary was the first in which people could vote directly for president and not just for delegates. The winner of that primary had been a reluctant candidate living in Europe as head of NATO. He never came to New Hampshire to campaign. He was not a politician. Nobody knew if he had ever voted, but he was a national celebrity and war hero. By winning the New Hampshire primary by a huge margin on the Republican ticket, General Dwight D. Eisenhower not only caught people across the country by surprise, but also brought national attention to our small state.

That primary began New Hampshire’s tradition as a nationally recognized event. It was also the year which began our state’s reputation as the place for serious candidates, including ones who might be lesser known, to begin their national campaigns in an early, bona fide election, with secret ballots and the eyes of the world watching. Since then, every person who has become our president has won at least one NH Presidential Primary.

1968 Primary: Senator Eugene McCarthy, above, speaks at a reception at the home of Paul and Maria Carrier in Manchester.

The 1968 primary came at a high point during the Vietnam War. Although President Lyndon Johnson technically won the primary, a little known senator from Minnesota, Eugene McCarthy, campaigned hard here, doing better than expected, even winning more convention delegates than the president. The New Hampshire results shocked the country and led to a stunning announcement when the incumbent president before the next primary said he would no longer seek re-election.

Time magazine reported the aftershocks of the primary as follows, “In a single week, the entire political context of 1968 changed almost beyond recognition. Out of the New Hampshire frozen farmlands and bucolic hamlets emerged a new equation…New Hampshire with a relished penchant for turning things topsy-turvy, turned them over once again.” (March 22, 1968).

In 1976 came a little known former governor from Georgia, Jimmy Carter, with no entourage, just one or two local people to drive him around the state. He had little money and mostly lodged in private homes. One supporter reported, “He even makes his own bed.” He was a surprise winner, defeating a half dozen more prominent senators and congressmen, and became the 39th president.

Former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter fields questions at a town hall-style meeting at Portsmouth on April 25, 1979.

In 1984, New Hampshire surprised the country again when Colorado Senator Gary Hart stunned former Vice President Walter Mondale, the favorite, in a huge upset. Just weeks prior to the primary, Hart was at single digits in the polls.

In 1992, with his campaign in trouble, Bill Clinton declared, “New Hampshire has made me the Comeback Kid,” after finishing a strong, unexpected second behind popular Massachusetts Senator Paul Tsongas, with strong Granite State ties, who lived less than 25 miles from the state’s border.

In 2000, Arizona Senator John McCain came into the state as the underdog, with less name recognition and less funding than opponent, George W. Bush. He crisscrossed the state, ran a classic, New Hampshire grassroots, person-to-person campaign, and won the primary. And did the same, in 2008.

In 2016 two candidates one could only consider atypical in the world of politics, Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, an unabashed socialist, Democrat, and Donald Trump, the most unique of candidates, both won huge victories in New Hampshire’s primary, again setting the political world upside down.

On the morning after that memorable 2016 primary, Bob Schieffer of CBS News said, "What makes New Hampshire so hard to handicap is, this is the last place where the voters play a role. After this it all moves to TV."

Unlike other states, the people of New Hampshire have continued to fund their primary all these years. It has overcome states attempting to take it from us, even passing laws requiring their primary to be on the same day as ours, whenever that may be. Also by the national parties that have been helpful at times and not so helpful at others. Some believed television would diminish the value of the primary in the 60s and 70s, but it didn’t happen. Others thought the internet and social media would diminish the primary at the beginning of this century, but that didn’t happen either.

We’ve made it a hundred years with no scandals, blemishes or miscounts. Schieffer, former host of CBS Face the Nation, once spoke of his fond memories about his 40-plus-years covering the NH primary, ending his remarks with these words: “New Hampshire has never let us down.”



A version of this article appeared in the February 9, 2020 edition of the New Hampshire Sunday News.


Publications & Collections

Marilla M Ricker

March 18, 1840 - November 12, 1920
Lawyer, Author, Speaker, Pioneer Women's Rights Advocate
Denied right to vote 1870, Dover, NH, and thereafter 
  (Believed too ill to vote in the November 2, 1920 elections, after ratification of the 19th Amendment*)
Admitted to Practice Law, Washington, DC, 1882
  (Practiced pro-bono criminal law there)
US Commissioner & Examiner, DC Chancery Court, 1884
Credentialed First Female Attorney in New Hampshire, 1890
Credentialed to argue before the US Supreme Court, 1891
First woman to seek a major diplomatic post, 1897
  (envoy to Columbia, passed over by Pres. William McKinley)
Denied effort to register as a candidate for NH governor, 1910
  (Unable to register to voter, as required to be a candidate)


State House Portrait, by Kate Gridley




*Ms Ricker passed away at her Dover, NH, home at 7 Ham Street, "about two years" after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage. Contributing cause is listed as: "senile changes in brain, heart and kidneys about 4 months," according to her death certificate on file at the NH Secretary of State's Division of Vital Records.

1 Woman Suffrage by Marilla M Ricker, Granite Monthly, January, 1907

2 Legal & Constitutional Rights Of Women by Marilla M Ricker, Granite Monthly, January 1908

Marilla Ricker Votes For NH Governor 1910

Mrs Marilla M Ricker Obituary, Granite Monthly, 1920


Publications & Collections

Life of Franklin Pierce by Nathaniel Hawthorne

Campaign biography of New Hampshire’s only president. Following Pierce’s nomination by the Democratic Party in 1852, Hawthorne, a friend and classmate at Bowdoin College, volunteered to write the "necessary biography." Hawthorne had enjoyed recent national success with the publication of The Scarlett Letter (1851) and House of the Seven Gables (1852), now classics. The Pierce book cost Hawthorne's standing among New England contemporaries due to the candidate's anti-abolitionist positions and Southern sympathies. Hawthorne wrote a friend: "the biography has cost me hundreds of friends, here at the consequence of what I say on the slavery question..Pierce owes me something." After taking office, Pierce appointed Hawthorne American Consul to Liverpool. The friendship continued throughout their lives. While returning from a trip through the White Mountains, to boost Hawthorne’s spirits, who was in failing health, the two stopped for the night at the Pemigewasset House Hotel in Plymouth. On the morning of May 19, 1864, Pierce found his friend had died sometime in his sleep during the night in an adjacent room.



Library of Congress


1 Preface And Table of Contents

2 Chapters I And II

3 Chapter III

4 Chapter IV

5 Chapters V and VI

6 Chapter VII And Notes